New research from China has given a wish for annihilating mosquitoes liable for illnesses like dengue fever and Zika, consistent with the modern media reviews. The studies turned into finished on Asian tiger mosquitoes, responsible for spreading dengue fever, Zika, and other sicknesses. Dengue, the mosquito-borne arboviral disease, is a big subject, especially during the monsoon. The dengue virus is transmitted via the chew of the infected Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquito. Dr. Mala Kaneria, the Consultant Infectious Specialist at Jaslok Hospital and Research Centre, talks to us about how to treat dengue.
Treatment of dengue
Dengue is not contagious and does not now unfold from character to man or woman. However, febrile patients should defend themselves from mosquito bites as the mosquito can ingest the virus from the patient and emerge as infective to the following victim. Bleeding in dengue sufferers is multifactorial, and low platelet count is just one of the reasons. Active bleeding due to thrombocytopenia occurs best whilst the platelet remember is less than 10,000/cm (Normal variety 1.5 to 4 lakhs/cm). A low platelet relies upon the need to no longer cause a panic scenario, mainly if more than 1 lakh/cm. Unnecessary platelet transfusion has its very own hazards and creates a scarcity of deserving patients.
Dengue may be prevented by using fending off mosquito breeding in and across the house, via often emptying water-stuffed bins and avoiding mosquito bites via using mosquito repellants and coils, mainly whilst febrile. Fevers in monsoons ought not to be taken gently, and while caution signs and symptoms are seen, a go-to to the medical doctor is crucial for hospitalization if important. There is not any antiviral remedy or vaccine available for dengue as of now.
Most sufferers will respond to easy measures like masses of oral fluids and paracetamol for the fever. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen, diclofenac, and many others ought to be avoided, as they make contributions to the thrombocytopenia (low platelet count) seen in these sufferers. Hydration is a crucial therapy mode, as these sufferers are afflicted by capillary leakage, which reasons haemoconcentration.
While maximum people luckily devour anything that asserts “sugar-unfastened,” assuming that it doesn’t have sugar at all, what we don’t recognize is that “sugar-loose” doesn’t imply ‘no sugar.’ Like we upload white table sugar or brown sugar to our cakes, coffee, cookies, or even fruits, meals producers also are acknowledged to feature artificial sweeteners, a form of sugar, or usually high-fructose corn syrup to foods and drinks consisting of crackers, tomato sauce, and salad dressing. Even low-fat meals like flavored yogurt are taken into consideration to be excessive on sugar.
Pune-primarily based diabetes researcher Dr. Pramod Tripathi, founder, Freedom from Diabetes middle, tells indianexpress.Com, “Sugar-loose and no delivered sugar labeled merchandise do no longer suggest the equal element.” “According to the United States Food and Drug Administration suggestions ‘no delivered sugar’ approach no sugar-containing element is used during processing and ‘sugar-free’ approach meals should have zero. Five grams of sugar (obviously occurring or any sugar aspect) in step with serving.
Both these phrases do no longer say something approximately artificial sweeteners. Either brought via clients themselves or discovered in processed meals, such sugars are called unfastened sugars and include glucose, dextrose, fructose, family sugar (sucrose), malt sugar (maltose), and also sugars which might be observed in honey, syrups, fruit juices, and fruit juice concentrates.