Half of the sector’s population is directly engaged in agriculture and almost 40 consistent with cent of land is devoted to agriculture and farm animals. Food production sustains us all, but it also comes at a fee: water resources are being depleted and contaminated with the aid of meals manufacturing, and bad diets are burdening our health care structures.
Despite the large demanding situations faced with the aid of the agriculture region, food production additionally offers an outstanding possibility to understand the Sustainable Development Goals and the Paris Climate agreement goals at the same time as stemming environmental degradation and biodiversity losses. But we want to trade the manner we feed ourselves. And we need to do it fast.
“By 2050, our planet will need to feed close to 10 billion human beings. It is vital that we transform our agricultural and meals structures so they paintings with and now not towards nature. This is the most effective way to ensure people everywhere have to get entry to to a healthy and nutritious weight loss plan,” says Inger Andersen, Executive Director, UN Environment Programme.
In April 2018, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations alongside different United Nations companions, including the UN Environment, launched a brand new initiative for tackling those troubles.
The Scaling Up Agroecology Initiative pursuits to expose how diversified agroecological structures are critical not most effective in addressing poverty, starvation, and climate exchange mitigation and version, however additionally for at once realizing 12 of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals in areas which include health, schooling, gender, water, strength, and economic growth.
Agroecology is the use of ecological and social principles and concepts in agricultural production systems. There is not any single definition, however, it implies sustainable, integrated land management and entails diversification of the manufacturing system, consisting of agroforestry. It’s carefully linked to natural or low-outside-enter farming. Other terms which include regenerative agriculture or eco-agriculture also are used.
“Agroecology may be identified in scientific literature for the reason that 1920s, and has located expression in circle of relatives farmers’ practices, in grassroots social moves for sustainability and the general public regulations of numerous countries around the world,” says Emma Siliprandi, lead focal factor for the Scaling up Agroecology Initiative on the Food and Agriculture Organization.
Back in 2013, the Food and Agriculture Organization did now not pay a lot of attention to agroecology. But things have changed surprisingly on account that then, as governments and farmers across the world are knowing that throwing growing quantities of insecticides and fertilizers at crops is no longer sustainable, possible or, inside the long term, worthwhile.
“Agroecology is about mainstreaming biodiversity in agriculture and bridging the space among the producers of food and purchasers,” says Emile Frison, the former Director-General of Bioversity International, a leading proponent of agroecology, and a contemporary member of the International Panel of Experts on Sustainable Food Systems (IPES-Food).